In 2016

Share of gross expenditure on Research and Development (R&D) in the GDP of the Autonomous Region of Madeira was 0.31%

The Regional Directorate of Statistics of Madeira (DREM) releases today a new time series on the subject of ​​"Science and Technology" in the Autonomous Region of Madeira, for the 2003-2016 period. Most of the information comes from the Directorate-General for Education and Science Statistics, that is entrusted by Statistics Portugal to produce statistics in the fields of "Education" and "Science and Technology".

In 2016, the share of research and development (R&D) expenditure in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Autonomous Region of Madeira (ARM) was 0.31%, 0.05 percentage points (p.p.) below the share of both 2014 and 2015, years in which this indicator stood at 0.36%. It should be noted that the maximum value for this ratio was registered in 2008 (0.38%). Comparing the regions of the country, the data show that the two Autonomous Regions of Azores and Madeira have similar results in this metric, much below the national average. In 2016, the expenditure on R&D in the Portuguese GDP was 1.28%, while the Algarve had a percentage of 0.35% and the Autonomous Region of Azores stood at 0.30%, 0.01 p.p. lower than the value of the ARM. Área Metropolitana de Lisboa (1.60%) and Norte (1.36%) appear as the regions with the best performance in this indicator.

The proportion of full-time equivalent R&D personnel in the active population in 2016 was 3.1 for 1,000 active persons, representing the second highest figure in the period 2008-2016, after 2008 (3.60 ‰). In turn, the ratio for researchers was 0.22%. Only in 2008 (0.23%), this indicator had a higher value.

 GR CienciaTecno 2016 EN

A total of 35 research units were active in the ARM in 2016, employing 413 people (in full-time equivalent), with this indicator showing a successive growth since 2013. Only in 2008 the number of R&D personnel was higher (443.5). In 2016, most of these personnel was concentrated in tertiary education (50.7%), enterprises (25.6%) and the government (22.6%). The only year in which the Government had a higher share than tertiary Education as the main sector in terms of R&D personnel was 2009.

R&D expenditure amounted to 13.7 million euros in 2016, down by 9.9% from the previous year, thus interrupting the growth registered in the two previous years.

In 2016, tertiary education had the lead in the R&D activities in the ARM, accounting for 54.5% of the total expenditure in those type of activities. The role of tertiary education has successively gained relevance since 2013, and in 2016, its spending was higher than the enterprises (22.5%) and the government (22.2%) combined.

In the 2013-2016 period, the government was the main source of financing R&D expenditure in the ARM, concentrating around two thirds (66.2%) of the total in 2016, followed by the enterprises with 22.6%. In 2016, government funding stood at 9.0 million euros, down by 1.8% from 2015.

As for the scientific or technological areas where there was R&D spending between 2011 and 2016, the social sciences and humanities stood out compared to the other areas. In 2016, expenditure on R&D in this field was 3.3 million euros, with engineering and technology sciences coming in second place, with 2.1 million euros, followed by natural sciences with 1.7 million euros.

In the 2014-2016 period, 61.7% of the enterprises headquartered in the ARM had innovation activities, the highest value registered since the triennium 2004-2006. As for the innovation intensity of the Region’s enterprises - an indicator that corresponds to the percentage of total innovation expenditure in the turnover of enterprises that declared innovation expenditure - it stood at 1.4% in the 2014-2016 period, 0.1 p.p. above the value of 2012-2014 (1.3%).

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