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In 2017

Share of gross expenditure on Research and Development (R&D) in the GDP of the Autonomous Region of Madeira was 0.36%

The Regional Directorate of Statistics of Madeira (DREM) releases today a time series on the subject of ​​"Science and Technology" in the Autonomous Region of Madeira, updated with data for 2017.

In the reference year, the share of research and development (R&D) expenditure in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Autonomous Region of Madeira (ARM) was 0.36%, 0.05 percentage points (p.p.) above the share of 2016, year in which this indicator stood at 0.31%. It should be noted that the highest value for this ratio was recorded in 2008 (0.38%). When comparing the regions of the country, the data show that the two Autonomous Regions of Azores and Madeira and the region of Algarve have similar results in this metric, standing below the national average. In 2017, the expenditure on R&D in the Portuguese GDP was 1.33%, while the Algarve and the Autonomous Region of Azores had a percentage of 0.30%, 0.06 p.p. below the share of the ARM. Área Metropolitana de Lisboa (1.58%) and Norte (1.51%) appear as the regions with the best performance in this indicator.

The proportion of full-time equivalent R&D personnel in the active population in 2017 was 3.20 for 1,000 active persons, representing the second highest figure in the period 2008-2017, after 2008 (3.50 ‰). In turn, the ratio for researchers was 0.25%, the highest value of the time series for this indicator.

Gráfico CT EN

A total of 44 research units were active in the ARM in 2017, employing 426 people (in full-time equivalent), with this indicator showing a successive growth since 2013. Only in 2008 the number of R&D personnel was higher (443.5). In 2017, most of these personnel was concentrated in tertiary education (50.0%), in the government (26,2%) and in the enterprises (22.2%).

R&D expenditure amounted to 16.7 million euros in 2017, up by 22.5% from the 2016, thus resuming the growth stopped in the previous year.

In 2017, tertiary education had the lead in the R&D activities in the ARM, accounting for 45.6% of the total expenditure in those type of activities, followed by the enterprises (27.3%) and the government (26.1%).

The government was the main source of financing R&D expenditure in the ARM, concentrating more than half (59.5%) of the total in 2017, followed by the enterprises with 22.6%. In 2017, government funding stood at 9.9 million euros, up by 10.1% from 2016.

As for the scientific or technological areas where there was R&D spending between 2011 and 2017, the social sciences and humanities stood out compared to the other areas. In 2017, expenditure on R&D in this field was 3.0 million euros, followed by natural sciences and exact sciences, with 2.3 million euros each.

In the 2014-2016 period, 61.7% of the enterprises headquartered in the ARM had innovation activities, the highest value registered since the triennium 2004-2006. As for the innovation intensity of the Region’s enterprises - an indicator that corresponds to the percentage of total innovation expenditure in the turnover of enterprises that declared innovation expenditure - it stood at 1.4% in the 2014-2016 period, 0.1 p.p. above the value of 2012-2014 (1.3%).

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