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Regional Directorate of Statistics of Madeira releases Education indicators based on the 2020 Labour Force Survey

Following the recent release by Statistics Portugal (INE) of a set of information on education, resulting from a specific module of the 2020 Labour Force Survey, the Regional Directorate of Statistics of Madeira (DREM) anticipates the publication of four indicators for the Autonomous Region of Madeira, which will be included in Chapter IV - Others Indicators of the Time Series of Education Statistics, scheduled to be released on June 30.

For two of the four indicators, it is necessary to apply a moving average. For example, the value of 2020 corresponds to the average of 2020, 2019 and 2018. The use of this technique makes it possible to overcome quality problems that result from the low frequency of the phenomenon or from high coefficients of variation (ratio of the standard deviation by the mean) that prevent Statistics Portugal of releasing these data on its website.

In order to allow the publication of two of the indicators concened (school leavers rate and higher education rate of the resident population aged between 30 and 34 years), DREM uses this method. To make possible a comparison of the regional with the country's indicators, it is also necessary to apply 3-year moving averages to national data.

The school leavers rate is the proportion of the population aged 18 to 24 who completed a level of education corresponding at most to the 3rd cycle of basic education and did not receive any type of education (formal or non-formal) in the reference week of the Labour Force Survey or in the previous three weeks.

The lifelong learning rate corresponds to the proportion of the resident population aged 25-64 participating in education and training activities, which are all intentional or non-intentional learning activities developed throughout life in formal or non-formal contexts, with the aim of acquiring, developing or improving knowledge, skills and competencies, from a personal, civic, social and / or professional perspective.

The higher education rate is the proportion of the population aged 30 to 34 who completed a level of education corresponding to higher education.

DREM also releases today, a new time series (2011-2020) for the Region concerning young people aged 15 to 34 years old not in employment, education or training (NEET).

School leavers rate continues to drop

In the Autonomous Region of Madeira, the school leavers rate in 2020 (expressed as a 3-year moving average) was 11.2%, a 2.5 percentage points (p.p.) drop over the previous year. This variable has been continuously decreasing since 2013 (when it stood at 28.0%), having declined by 16.8 p.p. in seven years. Although the regional school leavers rate is higher than the national rate, the values are converging: while in 2013, this gap was of 7.2 p.p., in 2020 it did not exceed 0.8 pp. Note that in 2020, as in the previous seven years, the rate in question is higher for men (13.1% ) than for women (9.1%). However, the difference between two rates is shrinking, decreasing from 16.5 p.p. in 2013 to 4.0 p.p. in 2020.

Educacao EN novo 

In 2020, the lifelong learning rate stood at 7.9%, down by 1.0 p.p. over 2019, being higher in women (9.0%) than in men (6.6%). The trend of this rate changed over the 2011-2020, with a peak in 2018 (9.4%) before declining to 8.9% in 2019, decreasing again in 2020 to 7.9% as mentioned before. In the country, this rate also dropped by 0.5 pp, but it stood above the value for the Autonomous Region of Madeira by 2.1 pp, meaning a wider gap between the Region and the country than in the prior year (1.6 pp).

The higher education rate of the resident population aged between 30 and 34 years residing in the Autonomous Region of Madeira (3-year moving average) was 33.4% in 2020. Although this percentage remains lower than the national average (36.4%), still it is the highest value since 2013 (1st year of the series).

17.2% of young people aged 15 to 34 years old were not employed, nor in education or training

The percentage of young people (15-34 years old) not employed which are not in education or training (NEET) also had various different trends in the years between 2011 and 2020. In fact, between 2011 and 2013, with the economy in recession, this indicator went from 19.1% to 25.0%, respectively, having started in 2014 a downward trend until 2019, year in which a record low was recorded (13.1%). In 2020, with the COVID-19 pandemic causing an economic disruption, the percentage of young people not employed which are not in education or training grew by 4.1 pp to 17.2%. At the national level, this rise was less pronounced, with that percentage going from 9.5% to 11.6% between 2019 and 2020. The smallest gap between the regional and national percentages took place in 2019 (3.6 pp) and the largest in 2015, year in which, the regional value was higher than the country’s by 8.4 pp.

That percentage of NEET of 17.2% in 2020 represents a total of 10.8 thousand young people, of which 57.4% were inactive and 43.5% unemployed.

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