For 2020

DREM releases indicators of housing deprivation

The Regional Directorate of Statistics of Madeira (DREM) releases today on its website the final results of the Survey on Living and Income Conditions, carried out between March and September 2020. These data confirm the provisional results released on February 19th 2021 about poverty and inequality. Today, further data concerning housing conditions becomes available.

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The Survey on Living and Income Conditions indicates that, in 2020, 8.2% of residents in the Autonomous Region of Madeira lived in a condition of lack of space, a smaller percentage than in 2019 (8.3%). The national average was 9.0%.

Around 5.2% of residents in the A.R. Madeira lived in a condition of severe housing deprivation, i.e., besides being overcrowded, the dwelling in which they lived also had at least one of the following problems: no indoor bath or shower or flushing toilet; leaking roof, damp walls/floors/foundation, or rot in window frames or floor; insufficient natural light in a sunny day. Besides standing above the national average (3.9%), this indicator was higher than in 2019 (4.5%).

Two indicators regarding housing cost burden are also available. The housing cost burden is the ratio between the housing costs and the disposable household income (net of housing allowances). Housing costs include those related to housing facilities such as water, electricity, gas and other fuels, as well as condominium, insurances, sewage, minor repairs, rents and interest related to the main residence mortgage.

The median housing cost burden was 10.8% in 2020, unchanged from 2019. However, contrary to what happened in 2019, in 2020 this rate was higher than in the country (10.4%).

The overburden housing cost rate, i.e. the percentage of people living in households where the share of housing expenditures to income is over 40%, stood at 4.4% in 2020, dropping by 2.1 p.p. from 2019. The national average was lower (4.1%).

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